Antonio Allegri da Correggio
05 March 1534
1510 - 1534
Born Antonio Allegri da Correggio, he was an Italian Renaissance painter of the Parma school. His art foreshadowed the Rococo art of the 18th century with dynamic compositions and an illusory perspective. Little is known about Correggio’s early life or training. What is known is that he was apprenticed to Francesco Bianchi Ferrara between 1503 and 1505, after which he traveled through Italy painting religious works, becoming increasingly renowned. In 1514, he returned to his hometown of Correggio, and signed an agreement to complete the Madonna altarpiece in the St. Francis Monastery.
Correggio received his first major commission in 1519, when he agreed to paint the ceiling of the private dining salon of the mother superior of the St. Paul Convent in Parma, Italy. Further frescoes and paintings in the early 1520’s exhibit dynamic compositions, which evince movement that was theretofore unprecedented. This dynamism and Correggio’s use of an illusionary perspective characterized the new Baroque style.
Although his works are now considered to have had a revolutionary impact on contemporary artists, they are all very eclectic, and no direct stylistic link connects all of them in one category. Little is known of his teachings, and so it is also difficult to determine the stylistic qualities that brought forth his talents. His character as a man was remembered as introverted, melancholic, and dark. He did not have any direct disciples, but his works were highly influential on painters outside of Parma, where he lived and worked. Parmigiano, Giorgio Gandini del Grano, and Giovanni Maria Francesco Rondani all show influences of his works.