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Francis Bacon

Francis Bacon

Francis Bacon

Francis Bacon

Поделиться: Artículo de Wikipedia

Francis Bacon (Dublín, Irlanda, 28 de octubre de 1909-Madrid, España, 28 de abril de 1992) fue un pintor británico, nacido en Irlanda, de estilo figurativo idiosincrásico, caracterizado por el empleo de la deformación pictórica y gran ambigüedad en el plano intencional.​

Considerable ambivalencia puede además ser detectada en comentarios suyos, tales como «quisiera que mis pinturas se vieran como si un ser humano hubiera pasado por ellas, como un caracol, dejando un rastro de la presencia humana y un trazo de eventos pasados, como el caracol que deja su baba» o «acaso algún día logre capturar un instante en toda su violencia y toda su belleza».​

Nació en Dublín en 1909. Parte de su niñez transcurrió tanto en Irlanda como en Inglaterra, mas sus padres y familia eran británicos. Desde 1925 en adelante residió en Londres, donde permaneció y trabajó durante 67 años, desarrollando allí casi toda su producción artística. Bacon se consideraba un pintor británico. En 1937 participó en la muestra de diez Jóvenes Pintores Británicos, organizada por Eric Hall en Agnew's, Londres.​ En 1945, expuso en Londres, junto con los artistas ingleses Henry Moore y Graham Sutherland, su pintura Tres estudios para figuras al pie de una crucifixión (c. 1944), tríptico que, según el propio Bacon, marcó el punto inicial su carrera plástica.​ En 1950, obra de Bacon es incluida en la exposición Los últimos cincuenta años en el arte británico, presentada en la Galería Knoedler de Nueva York.​ En 1956, el primer autorretrato de Bacon y seis pinturas suyas inspiradas por una imagen de Van Gogh fueron incluidas y exhibidas en la muestra Maestros de la Pintura Británica, 1800-1950, presentada en el Museo de Arte Moderno de Nueva York.​ En 1960, la obra de Bacon figura en Pintura británica 1700-1960, muestra que tiene lugar tanto en Moscú como en Leningrado.​

Su padre era un militar inglés retirado que se dedicaba a criar y entrenar caballos de carreras en Dublín. En 1914, debido a la Primera Guerra Mundial su familia se mudó a Londres. Entre 1914 y 1925 la familia Bacon vivió trasladándose intermitentemente de Inglaterra a Irlanda y viceversa. Debido a ello, su infancia no fue fácil. Padecía además de asma crónica y careció de un marco escolar regular, dado que su enfermedad le impedía acudir al colegio. Cuando sufría ataques asmáticos fuertes solían administrarle morfina.

En la pubertad, Francis Bacon se sentía atraído sexualmente por su padre,​ llegando además a consumar "asuntos" con los mozos irlandeses que trabajaban en las caballerizas del exmilitar.​ En 1925, al enterarse su padre de las inclinaciones homosexuales de su hijo, lo excluyó del hogar familiar a la edad de 16 años, enviándolo con un amigo de la familia a Europa continental para que hiciera de él "un hombre". Bacon partió con el amigo de su padre a Berlín, donde, irónicamente, terminó por seducir a ese acompañante, para entregarse luego a todos aquellos placeres que la Alemania de los "Dorados Veinte" tenía para ofrecerle.​

Entre 1927 y 1928 Bacon residió en Berlín y París. Luego de estar durante dos meses en Berlín se dirigió a Francia, visitando París y viviendo durante medio año cerca de Chantilly, alojado por una pianista y aficionada al arte que había conocido en una exposición parisina. En ese período descubrió y admiró La masacre de los inocentes, óleo de Poussin conservado en el Museo Condé sito en dicha localidad. Este cuadro despertó en él, según dijo alguna vez, un gran interés tanto por la boca como por el grito. En la Galería Rosenberg de París, tras visitar una muestra que incluía con las figuras antropomorfas de Pablo Picasso, Bacon decidió hacerse pintor.​

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Obras de arte de Francis Bacon se eliminan de WikiArt debido a un aviso de infracción de derechos de autor.
Bloqueado debido a un reclamo de derechos de autor
  • Self-Portrait, 1971
  • Study of a Baboon, 1953
  • Man and Child, 1963, 1963
  • Study for Crouching Nude, 1952
  • Study from the Human Body, 1991
  • Study of the Human Body, 1987
  • Self-Portrait, 1987
  • Study from the Human Body, 1986
  • Sand Dune, 1983
  • Study from the Human Body - Figure in Movement, 1982
  • Sand Dune, 1981
  • Carcass of Meat and Bird of Prey, 1980
  • Two Seated Figures, 1979
  • Study for Self-Portrait, 1979
  • Seated Figure, 1979
  • Oedipus, 1979
  • Study for Portrait, 1978
  • Self-Portrait, 1978
  • Painting, 1978
  • Landscape, 1978
  • Seated Figure, 1978
  • Study for Portrait, 1977
  • Seated Figure, 1977
  • Seated Figure, 1974
  • Self-Portrait, 1973
  • Self-Portrait, 1973
  • Figures in Movement, 1973
  • Seated Self-Portrait, 1973
  • Self-Portrait, 1972
  • Study for Bullfight No.1, 1969
  • Second Version of Study for Bullfight No. 1, 1969
  • Study for a Nude with Figure in a Mirror, 1969
  • Lying Figure, 1969
  • Version No. 2 of Lying Figure with Hypodermic Syringe, 1968
  • Portrait of George Dyer Talking, 1966
  • Head III, 1961
  • Crouching Nude, 1961
  • Head of a Woman, 1960
  • Head of a Man - Study of a Drawing by Van Gogh, 1959
  • Figure in a Landscape (Miss Diana Watson), 1957
  • Owls, 1956
  • Man Carrying a Child, 1956
  • Man in Blue II, 1954
  • Two Figures, 1953
  • Study of a Figure in a Landscape, 1952
  • Head, 1951
  • Elephant Fording a River, 1952
  • Study for Portrait of P.L. No.1, 1957
  • Water from a Running Tap, 1982
  • Head III, 1949
  • Study for Self-Portrait, 1982
  • Fury, 1944
  • Study for Self-Portrait, 1981
  • Self-Portrait, 1978
  • Study for Self-Portrait, 1973
  • Self-Portrait II, 1972
  • Self-Portrait I, 1972
  • Self-Portrait, 1972
  • Self-Portrait, 1969
  • Study for a Self-Portrait, 1964
  • Composition (Figure), 1933
  • Study for a Self-Portrait, 1963
  • Self-Portrait, 1958
  • Interior, 1952
  • Study for a Portrait, 1978
  • Portrait of Michel Leris, 1978
  • Portrait of Michel Leris, 1976
  • Three Studies for Portrait of Henrietta Moraes, 1963
  • Bacon Portrait of Man with Glasses III, 1963
  • Study for a Portrait of P.L., 1962
  • Head IV, 1961
  • Woman IV, 1960
  • Head II, 1958
  • Portrait X, 1957
  • Lisa, 1957
  • William Blake, 1955
  • Study Imaginary Portrait of Pope Pius XII, 1955
  • After the life mask of William Blake, 1955
  • Lisa, 1955
  • Drinking, 1955
  • Study for a Portrait of a Man in Blue, 1952
  • Studies from the Human Body, 1975
  • Reclining Woman, 1961
  • Study for a nude, 1951
  • Study from the human body, 1949
  • Oedipus And The Sphinx After Ingres, 1983
  • Sphinx III, 1954
  • A Piece of Waste Land, 1982
  • Study of a Man Talking, 1981
  • Study for Portrait, 1981
  • Study for a Portrait with Bird in Flight, 1980
  • Three Figures, One with Shotgun, 1980
  • Figure Writing Reflected in a mirror, 1976
  • Sleeping Figure, 1974
  • Study for a Portrait, 1970
  • Lying Figure, 1966
  • Lying Figure with Hypodermic Syringe, 1963
  • Seated Figure, 1961
  • Lying figure, 1958
  • Study for Figure II, 1955
  • Untitled, 1954
  • Man in Blue IV, 1954
  • Man in Blue III, 1954
  • Blood on the Floor, 1986
  • Figure in movement, 1985
  • Study for the Human Body, 1983
  • Study from the Human Body, 1981
  • Figures in Movement, 1976
  • Figure at a washbasin, 1976
  • Portrait of a Dwarf, 1975
  • Three Studies from the Human Body, 1967
  • Figure on a folding bed, 1963
  • Figure Turning, 1962
  • Tassels, 1961
  • Figure, 1961
  • Two Figures in the Grass, 1954
  • Man at Curtain, 1949
  • Head IV, 1949
  • Head II, 1949
  • Figure Study II, 1946
  • Figure in a Landscaspe, 1945
  • Figure, 1943
  • Figures in a garden, 1936
  • Figures in a street, 1983
  • Chimpanzee, 1957
  • Painting of a dog, 1952
  • Figures in a Landscape, 1956
  • Two Figures in a Room, 1959
  • Study for Self-Portrait, 1980
  • Sphinx, 1954
  • Reclining Man with Sculpture, 1960
  • Portrait of Jacques Dupin, 1990
  • Lying Figure No.1, 1959
  • Lying Figure in Mirror, 1971
  • Homage to Van Gogh, 1960
  • Figure Seated (the Cardinal), 1955
  • Figure in Open Doorway, 1990
  • Study of the Human Body, 1982
  • Female Nude Standing in Doorway, 1972
  • Chimpanzee, 1955
  • Man with Dog, 1953
  • Walking Figure, 1960
  • Three figures and portrait, 1975
  • After Muybridge - Study of the Human Figure in Motion - Woman Emptying a Bowl of Water and Paralytic Child on all Fours, 1965
  • Gouache, 1929
  • Rug, 1929
  • Rug, 1929
  • Rug, 1929
  • Painted Screen, 1929
  • Portrait, 1930
  • Painting, 1930
  • After Picasso 'LA DANSE', 1933
  • Crucifixion, 1933
  • The Crucifixion, 1933
  • Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion (2nd version), 1944
  • Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion, 1944
  • Painting, 1946
  • Study Figure I, 1946
  • Head I, 1948
  • Study for Portrait, 1949
  • Head VI, 1949
  • Study after Velazquez, 1950
  • Study after Velazquez, 1950
  • Painting (Head of Man), 1950
  • Fragment of a Crucifixion, 1950
  • Painting, 1950
  • Crouching Nude, 1951
  • Figure, 1951
  • Pope III, 1951
  • Pope II, 1951
  • Portrait of Lucian Freud, 1951
  • Study of a Head, 1952
  • Man Kneeling in Grass, 1952
  • Crouching Nude, 1952
  • Dog, 1952
  • Marching Figures, 1952
  • Man in a Chair, 1952
  • Study for Portrait II, 1952
  • Sphinx II, 1952
  • Landscape after Van Gogh, 1952
  • Dog, 1952
  • Study of a Dog, 1952
  • Study for a Portrait, 1953
  • Study for Portrait VII, 1953
  • Study for Portrait I, 1953
  • Three studies of the Human Head, 1953
  • Study for Portrait VIII, 1953
  • Study for Portrait III, 1953
  • Study for Figure in a Room, 1953
  • Study for Portrait V, 1953
  • Study of a Nude, 1953
  • Study for Portrait IV, 1953
  • Study after Velazquez's portrait of Pope Innocent X, 1953
  • Man in Blue I, 1954
  • Figure with Meat, 1954
  • Study for a Head, 1955
  • Study for a Portrait of Van Gogh IV, 1957
  • Study for a Figure IV, 1957
  • Study for a Portrait of Van Gogh II, 1957
  • Study for Portrait of Van Gogh V, 1957
  • Study for Portrait of Van Gogh III, 1957
  • Study for Landscape After Van Gogh, 1957
  • Study for the Nurse in the film 'Battleship Potemkin', 1957
  • Study for a Portrait of Van Gogh, 1957
  • Van Gogh in a Landscape, 1957
  • Miss Muriel Belcher, 1959
  • Sleeping Figure, 1959
  • Study for Head of Isabel Rawsthorne, 1961
  • Study for a Pope VI, 1961
  • Study for a Pope III, 1961
  • Study for a Pope IV, 1961
  • Three Studies for a Crucifixion, 1962
  • Study for Three Heads, 1962
  • Study of Red Pope, 1962
  • Study for a Portrait (looking right), 1962
  • Study for a Portrait (looking left), 1962
  • Figure in a Room, 1962
  • Pope and Chimpanzee, 1962
  • Landscape near Malabata, Tangier, 1963
  • Portrait of Henrietta Moraes, 1963
  • Three Figures in a Room, 1964
  • Study for Portrait of Isabel Rawsthorne, 1964
  • Three Studies for Portrait of George Dyer (on pink ground), 1964
  • Three Studies for Portrait of George Dyer (on light ground), 1964
  • Study for portrait of Henrietta Moraes on a red ground, 1964
  • Double Portrait of Lucian Freud and Frank Auerbach, 1964
  • Study for Portrait of Pope Innocent X, 1965
  • Portrait of Lucian Freud on orange couch, 1965
  • Three Studies for a Portrait of Lucian Freud, 1965
  • Three Studies of Isabel Rawsthorne (on a light background), 1965
  • Portrait of Lucian Freud, 1965
  • Three Studies for Portrait of Isabel Rawsthorne (on a dark background), 1965
  • Crucifixion, 1965
  • Study for the Portrait of Pope Innocent X, 1965
  • Portrait of Isabel Rawsthorne, 1966 www.tate.org.uk
  • Portrait of Isabel Rawsthorne, 1966
  • Three Studies of Isabel Rawsthorne (on a green background), 1966
  • Three Studies for Portraits: Isabel Rawsthorne, Lucian Freud and J.H., 1966
  • Portrait of George Dyer Crouching, 1966
  • Henrietta Moraes, 1966
  • Three Studies of Muriel Belcher, 1966
  • Three studies of George Dyer, 1966
  • Study for Portrait of Lucian Freud, 1966
  • Portrait of George Dyer Riding a Bicycle, 1966
  • Study for Head of Isabel Rawsthorne, 1967
  • Study for Head of George Dyer, 1967
  • Portrait of George Dyer Staring into a Mirror, 1967
  • Study for Head of George Dyer, 1967
  • Three Studies of Isabel Rawsthorne, 1967
  • Portrait of Isabel Rawsthorn standing in a street in soho, 1967
  • Portrait of George Dyer and Lucian Freud, 1967
  • Two Figures Lying on a Bed with Attendants, 1968
  • Three Studies for Portrait of Isabel Rawsthorne, 1968
  • Portrait of George Dyer in a Mirror, 1968
  • Three Studies for a Self-Portrait, 1969
  • Three Studies of Henrietta Moraes, 1969
  • Portrait of Henrietta Moraes (Laughing), 1969
  • Portrait of Henrietta Moraes, 1969
  • Three Studies for Portrait of Henrietta Moraes, 1969
  • Tres estudios de Lucian Freud, 1969
  • Triptych - Studies of the Human Body, 1970
  • Triptych - Studies from the Human Body, 1970
  • Self-Portrait, 1970
  • Two Studies for a Self-Portrait, 1970
  • Studies of George Dyer and Isabel Rawsthorne, 1970
  • Painting 1946, Second Version, 1971
  • Study of George Dyer, 1971
  • In Memory of George Dyer, 1971
  • Two Studies for Self-Portrait, 1972
  • Triptych August 1972, 1972
  • Three Studies of Figures on Beds, 1972
  • Triptych, May–June 1973, 1973
  • Three Studies for Self-Portrait, 1973
  • Three Portraits: Posthumous Portrait of George Dyer, Self-portrait, and Portrait of Lucian Freud, 1973
  • Study for the Human Body (Man Turning on the Light), 1974
  • Three Studies for Self-Portrait, 1974
  • Three studies for a portrait of Peter Beard, 1975
  • Three Studies for Self-Portrait, 1976
  • Study for Head of Lucian Freud, 1976
  • Two Studies for Self-Portrait, 1977
  • Three Studies for a Portrait, 1977
  • Triptych May-June 1974, 1977
  • Two Studies for a Portrait of Richard Chopping, 1978
  • Figure in Movement, 1978
  • Jet of Water, 1979
  • Studies From the Human Body: A Triptych, 1979
  • Sphinx-Portrait of Muriel Belcher, 1979
  • Three Studies for a Self-Portrait, 1980
  • Three Studies for a Self-Portrait, 1980
  • Three Studies for a Portrait of Peter Beard, 1980
  • Triptych Inspired by Oresteia of Aeschylus, 1981
  • Three Studies for a Portrait of Mick Jagger, 1982
  • Seated Figure (S. 5), 1983
  • Street Scene (with Car in Distance), 1984
  • Three Studies for a Portrait of John Edwards, 1984
  • Triptych 1983, 1984
  • Diptych: Study from the Human Body - from a Drawing by Ingres, 1984
  • Study for Self-Portrait, 1985
  • Study for a Portrait of John Edwards, 1985
  • Painting, 1985
  • Study for a Portrait of John Edwards, 1986
  • Triptych 1986-1987, 1987
  • Study for a portrait of John Edwards, 1988
  • Study for a Portrait of John Edwards, 1988
  • Study for a portrait of John Edwards, 1989
  • Study for a portrait of John Edwards, 1989
  • Man at a Washbasin, 1990
  • Study from human body, 1992