24 June 1865; Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
12 July 1929; New York City, New York, United States
Robert Herni was both as an artist in his own right and a teacher of greats such as Edward Hopper, George Bellows, Rockwell Kent and Stuart Davis. He started to gain a following in the 1890s, during his time in Philidelphia, where he met four illustrators for the Philidelphia Press: George Luks, Everitt Shinn, John French Sloan and William Glackens, colloquially known as the "Philidelphia Four." These men would meet at Henri's apartment to discuss art, philosophy, culture and more, their meetings became know as the Charcoal Club because the also did drawings from life. Over several years, he split his time between Philidelphia and Paris and was exposed to spontaneous depictions of life that would ultimately inspire his mature style. The Philidelphia Four would have been used to depicting real life scenes quickly so he gained influence from them and while in Paris he met Canadian artist, James Wilson Morrice, who introduced him to a technique of painting quickly on small boards of wood that could be stored in the pocket, along with a small artist's kit. This gave Henri the chance to practice his style on the go, by 1895 he had completely reconsidered Impressionism calling it "new academism."