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Calvary,The Last Seven Words

Jan Cox

Calvary,The Last Seven Words

Jan Cox
  • Original Title: Martelgang, De zeven laatste woorden
  • Date: 1980; Antwerp, Belgium  
  • Style: Expressionism
  • Series: Orfeus,Judith and Holofernes, Iliad, Calvary
  • Genre: religious painting
  • Media: acrylic
  • Dimensions: 200 x 120 cm

Jan Cox’s existential pain, the lack of artistic understanding he endured, the mental desperation, the doubt, the treason, the despair and other marginal feelings were as many stages in his personal suffering that he called ‘the Calvary’. Humanity individualized in the figure of Christ.
(Creation of art as existential category, Claire Van Damme, Jan Cox, Living one’s art p. 330)

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Jan Cox (27 August 1919 – 7 October 1980) was a painter who spent the largest part of his creative life in the United States and Belgium. He was born in The Hague.

In 1945 he was a founding member of the 'Jeune Peinture Belge' group. By the end of that decade he was briefly associated the CoBrA movement, publishing some of his art in the CoBrA magazine.

In 1950 he moved to New York. After a brief stay in Rome, he returned to the United States in 1956, becoming head of the Painting Department at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts.

In 1974 he returned to Belgium, to live in Antwerp, and devote himself exclusively to painting.

Jan Cox was psychically hyper-sensitive and suffered from recurrent depression throughout his life, eventually leading to his suicide, in Antwerp, in 1980. He is buried in the Schoonselhof Cemetery in Antwerp.

Several of his paintings are abstract, though some of his major successes were with (partly) figurative work: for instance, the cycle based on the myth of Orpheus which he produced in Boston, the cycle based on Homer’s Iliad he produced after his return to Antwerp.

Jan Cox was convinced that the technical capabilities of a painter were of minor importance for the quality of the painting that resulted: in his view all technique a painter needed for the creation of paintings could be learnt in a few months, the rest depended on the painter's creativity.

This is a part of the Wikipedia article used under the Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). The full text of the article is here →

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