Sign in to favourite Sign in to add to album Geographical notes close Places are defined in terms of modern geography. Copyright Information close This artwork is in public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 70 years or less. If you are a copyright owner of this artwork, or his/hers legal representative, and you do not agree that this artwork is public domain, please let us know firstname.lastname@example.org WikiArt.org allows unlimited copying, distributing and displaying of the images of public domain artworks. Artworks protected by copyright are supposed to be used only for contemplation. Images of that type of artworks are prohibited for copying, printing, or any kind of reproducing and communicating to public since these activities may be considered copyright infringement. Public domain ← → Melencolia I Albrecht Durer Date: 1514 Style: Northern Renaissance Genre: allegorical painting Media: engraving Dimensions: 24 x 18.8 cm Location: Kupferstichkabinett Berlin, Berlin, Germany Tags: allegories-and-symbols, angels-and-archangels Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melencolia_I File Source: commons.wikimedia.org References: www.metmuseum.org www.metmuseum.org Order an oil painting reproduction Ad Image dimension 465x600px, View all sizes Dürer's Melencolia I is one of three large prints of 1513 and 1514 known as his Meisterstiche (master engravings). The other two are Knight, Death, and the Devil and Saint Jerome in His Study. The three are in no way a series, but they do correspond to the three kinds of virtue in medieval scholasticism--moral, theological, and intellectual--and they embody the complexity of Dürer's thought and that of his age.Melencolia I is a depiction of the intellectual situation of the artist and is thus, by extension, a spiritual self-portrait of Dürer. In medieval philosophy each individual was thought to be dominated by one of the four humors; melancholy, associated with glack gall, was the least desirable of the four, and melancholics were considered the most likely to succumb to insanity. Renaissance thought, however, also linked melancholy with creative genius; thus, at the same time that this idea changed the status of this humor, it made the self-conscious artist aware that his gift came with terrible risks.The winged personification of Melancholy, seated dejectedly with her head reasting on her hand, holds a caliper and is surrounded by other tools associated with geometry, the one of the seven liberal arts that underlies artistic creation--and the one through which Dürer, probably more than most artists, hoped to approach perfection in his own work. An influential treatise, the De Occulta Philosophia of Cornelius Agrippa of Nettesheim, almost certainly known to Dürer, probably holds the explanation for the number I in the title: creativity in the arts was the realm of the imagination, considered the first and lowest in the hierarchy of the three categories of genius. The next was the realm of reason, and the highest the realm of spirit. It is ironic that this image of the artist paralyzed and powerless exemplifies Dürer's own artistic power at its superlative height. Albrecht Durer Famous works Self-Portrait Albrecht Durer · 1493 Self-Portrait Albrecht Durer · 1498 The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, Death, Famine, Pestilence and War Albrecht Durer · 1498 Self-Portrait at the Age of Twenty Eight Albrecht Durer · 1500 Paumgartner Altar Albrecht Durer · 1503 The Knight, Death and the Devil Albrecht Durer · 1513 View all 841 artworks Related Artworks Christian Allegory Jan Provoost Allegory of Christianity Jan Provoost Death and the Miser Jan Provoost Abraham, Sara and an Angel Jan Provoost Saint John Altarpiece Rogier van der Weyden Triptych of the redemption Rogier van der Weyden Seven Sacraments Altarpiece Rogier van der Weyden The Last Judgement Rogier van der Weyden The Annunciation Rogier van der Weyden The Annunciation Rogier van der Weyden The Annunciation Rogier van der Weyden Dream of Pope Sergius Rogier van der Weyden The Annunciation Rogier van der Weyden Temptation of St. Anthony Joachim Patinir Miracle of St. Catherine Joachim Patinir The Baptism of Christ Joachim Patinir Landscape with The Flight into Egypt Joachim Patinir The Penitence of Saint Jerome Joachim Patinir Landscape with St. Christopher Joachim Patinir Landscape with the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah Joachim Patinir 1 Load more Advertisement.