Salvador Dali

Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, Marquis de Púbol

Salvador Dali
Dali's Mustache - Photo by Philippe Halsman

Born: 11 May 1904; Figueres, Spain

Died: 23 January 1989; Figueres, Spain

Active Years: 1910 - 1988

Field: painting, sculpture, drawing, photography

Nationality: Spanish

Art Movement: Surrealism

The famous Spanish surrealist painter, Salvador Dali had artistic repertoire that included sculpture, painting, photography, multimedia work, and collaborations with other artists, most notably independent surrealist films. Dali was born in a quasi-surreal existence. His brother, also named Salvador, died as a toddler, nine months before Dali’s birth. His parents told him he was the reincarnation of his older brother, which he also came to believe. As a child, Dali attended drawing school, and by the age of thirteen, Dali’s father was arranging exhibitions of his charcoal drawings. In 1922, Dali went to study at the School of Fine Arts in San Fernando, where he was known as a bit of a dandy, wearing long hair and sideburns, and stockings with knee breeches in the style of 19th century aesthetes.

During his stay at the academy, Dali tried his hand in cubism and dada. But his stay was short lived, after he was expelled a few weeks before final exams, for stating that no one in the school was qualified enough to examine him. After his expulsion, he traveled to Paris, where he met Pablo Picasso and Joan Miro, who heavily influenced his painting styles. Dali continually borrowed from many painting styles. From impressionism to renaissance works, he combined all elements into single compositions, raising interesting critiques from art critics, who were unsure as how to received his works. Always a dandy, Dali grew a large moustache, which was a trademark of his appearance for the rest of his life.

In 1929, Dali began a relationship with the woman who would later become his wife, Gala. His father disapproved, and saw his connection with surrealism as a demoralizing influence on his son. Upon hearing reports that Dali had created a work with an inscription insulting his mother, who had died eight years earlier of breast cancer, the elder Dali disowned and disinherited his son, telling him never to return home. Dali then married Gala and moved into a house at Port Lligat.

Dali spent the middle and late years of his life between the United States and his beloved Catalonia, Spain, collaborating with other artists, canoodling with social elites, and creating many stories for the newspapers. After his wife’s death in 1982, Dali lost much of his will to live, and purposely dehydrated himself almost to the point of death. There was also a mysterious fire in his apartment in 1984, from which he was saved, but many thought was a suicide attempt. He died of heart failure five years later at the age of 84.

Wikipedia article
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salvador_Dal%C3%AD

Artworks by Style

Neoclassicism

Realism

Naïve Art (Primitivism)

Impressionism

Post-Impressionism

  • Dutch Interior - Salvador Dali

    Dutch Interior, 1914

  • Landscape Near Ampurdan - Salvador Dali

    Landscape Near Ampurdan, c.1914

  • Port of Cadaques (Night) - Salvador Dali

    Port of Cadaques (Night), c.1918

  • Pianc - Salvador Dali

    Pianc, c.1919

  • Portdogue - Salvador Dali

    Portdogue, 1918-1919

  • Punta es Baluard de la Riba d'en Pitxot - Salvador Dali

    Punta es Baluard de la Riba d'en Pitxot, 1918-1919

  • Self-Portrait in the Studio - Salvador Dali

    Self-Portrait in the Studio, 1919

  • Still Life. Pomegranates - Salvador Dali

    Still Life. Pomegranates, c.1919

  • The Three Pines - Salvador Dali

    The Three Pines, c.1919

  • Vilabertrin Church Tower - Salvador Dali

    Vilabertrin Church Tower, 1918-1919

  • Landscape (Cadaques) - Salvador Dali

    Landscape (Cadaques), 1919-1920

  • Portrait of my father - Salvador Dali

    Portrait of my father, 1920

Symbolism

Japonism

Cloisonnism

Pointillism

Expressionism

Cubism

Abstract Art

Dada

Surrealism

Metaphysical art

Neo-baroque

Abstract Expressionism

Op Art

Artworks by Series

Desert Trilogy

José Zorrilla y Moral 'Don Juan Tenorio'

Isidore Ducasse 'Songs of Maldoror'

'Minotaure' Magazine

The Seven Arts

'Destino'

Spellbound'

William Shakespeare 'Romeo and Juliet'

Cervantes “Don Quixote”

Memories of Surrealism

Cafe De Chinitas

Los Sacos Del Molinero

Mad Tristan

The Biblia Sacra

Artworks by Genre

history painting

battle painting

religious painting

mythological painting

literary painting

illustration

allegorical painting

symbolic painting

genre painting

portrait

self-portrait

nude painting (nu)

cityscape

landscape

marina

cloudscape

animal painting

flower painting

still life

vanitas

design

poster

figurative painting

abstract painting

installation

sculpture

sketch and study

photo

interior

Artworks by Technique

charcoal

collage

engraving

gouache

graphite

indian ink

oil

pencil

tempera

ink

photography

watercolor